Abonnement à la biblothèque: Guest
Portail numérique Bibliothèque numérique eBooks Revues Références et comptes rendus Collections
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Facteur d'impact: 1.423 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9437
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4344

Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v7.i3.900
457 pages

Biotechnological Potential of Mushrooms: Drugs and Dye Production

Mahendra K. Rai
Department of Biotechnology, SGB Amravati University, Amravati, Maharashtra-444 602, India
Girish Tidke
Department of Biotechnology, Amravati Univarsity, Amravati, Maharashtra - 444602, Iindia


Mushrooms are higher basidiomycetous fungi of immense biotechnological importance. Most mushrooms represent an unlimited source of secondary metabolites of high medicinal value. Since ancient times, mushrooms have been valued as an edible and medicinal resource by tribal and local people of India. The large numbers of biologically active molecules have been identified in many mushroom species in India and all over the world. The search for new medicinal antibiotic substances from higher Basidiomycetes and the study of the medicinal value of these wild edible and medicinal mushrooms has become a matter of great interest in India. These naturally occurring biologically active antibiotic substances can be obtained from the mushrooms.
There is a wide range of bioactivity in mushrooms, which include antitumor activity of polysaccharides; antimicrobial and antiparasitic effects; antibiotics; antidiabetic, anti-hyperlipidemic, and antiaging benefits. They also can be used in the treatment of hepatitis B. We evaluated 17 mushrooms for antimicrobial activity. Most of them belonged to the group Polyporales, which showed remarkable activity against human pathogenic bacteria and fungi. The tests were carried out with hot water extracts of the mushrooms. The disc diffusion technique was used for the detection of activity. Results indicated that these mushrooms could be used for the preparation of antimicrobial agents.
Natural and ecofriendly organic dyes are very useful as coloring agents. These dyes are found in naturally collected or artificially growing fruit bodies, pure culture mycelia, and culture filtrate of mushrooms. There is now renewed demand for natural organic dyes from national and international markets because they provide better quality dyes for food, medicines, and cosmetics. The textile industry has also accepted natural dyes because they produce permanent color without damaging the fiber, thereby yielding more profitable product. These dyes are also used for making paints. And the remains of mushroom are used to make paper.
We have screened mushrooms from Amravati and its suburbs for dye production. The main aim of the present study was to screen the mushrooms of the Amravati region for antimicrobial activity against human pathogenic bacteria and fungi and also for dye production, which can be used as natural and ecofriendly dyes.

Articles with similar content:

Medically Significant White-Rot Basidiomycetes: Metabolic and Biochemical Characteristics
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Nina V. Belova, Natalia S. Yakovleva
Can Bioactive Polysaccharides and Proteo-Polysaccharides from Medicinal Mushrooms Benefit Women with Malignant Breast Tumors?
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
John Seleen, Alice W. Chen
Cultivation of the Edible and Medicinal Mushroom Grifola frondosa (Dicks.:Fr.) S. F. Gray (Maitake)—Relevance of Literature to Production in Australia (Review)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.5, 2003, issue 2
Karen Stott
Sulphur Tuft Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.: Fr.) Murrill (Aphyllophoromycetideae): Bioactive Compounds and Pharmaceutical Effects (Review)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.11, 2009, issue 2
Natasa Radic, Rade Injac
GACOCA Formulation of East African Wild Mushrooms Show Promise in Combating Kaposi's Sarcoma and HIV/ AIDS
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Julius David Sumba