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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9437
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018027330
pages 1149-1162

An Evaluation of Common Cordyceps (Ascomycetes) Species Found in Chinese Markets

Ling-Sheng Zha
School of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei, China; Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
Shi-Ke Huang
Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
Yuan-Pin Xiao
Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand; Engineering Research Center of Southwest Bio-Pharmaceutical Resources, Ministry of Education, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China
Saranyaphat Boonmee
Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
Prapassorn D. Eungwanichayapant
Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
Eric H.C. McKenzie
Landcare Research Manaaki Whenua, Auckland, New Zealand
Vadim Kryukov
Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia
Xing-Liang Wu
Guizhou Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, China
Kevin D. Hyde
Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
Ting-Chi Wen
Engineering Research Center of Southwest Bio-Pharmaceutical Resources, Ministry of Education, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China

RÉSUMÉ

The common Cordyceps (more than 20 species) found in Chinese markets are evaluated and illustrated. We systematically introduce their taxonomies, allied species, hosts, distributions, yields, selling statuses, and market prices. We summarize and comment on the medicinal value and food safety of Cordyceps. The concept of "cordyceps" is explained, the "best" cordyceps is explored, and Chinese cordyceps culture is analyzed. We suggest using the word "cordyceps" instead of the Latin Cordyceps to report these important edible and medicinal mushrooms.


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