Abonnement à la biblothèque: Guest
Portail numérique Bibliothèque numérique eBooks Revues Références et comptes rendus Collections
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Facteur d'impact: 1.423 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9437
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v1.i3.80
pages 251-261

Medicinal Effects and Utilization of Cordyceps (Fr.) Link (Ascomycetes) and Isaria Fr. (Mitosporic Fungi) Chinese Caterpillar Fungi, "Tochukaso" (Review)

Takashi Mizuno
Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Shizuoka University, 4-13-9 Seinan-Cho, Fujieda-Shi 426-0063, Japan

RÉSUMÉ

Cordiceps (Fr.) Link species (Tochukaso in Japanese, Chinese caterpillar fungi) are a parasite on cicada larvae that forms its scleotium in the insect larvae. At present, the fruiting bodies of Cordyceps species are not cultivated or cultured. However, cultivation of mycelia of this species that is, C. sinensis (Berk.) Sacc, C. sobolefera (Hill.) Berk, et Br., C. militaris (L.: Fr.) Link, and Isaria japonica Lloyd, etc., becomes relatively easy. Antitumor polysaccharides, galactomannan CI-P and CI-A, were isolated from C. cicadae Shing (Chinese Semitake) parasitic fungus on the larva of Cicada flammata Dist. On the other hand, a remarkable antitumor active β-(l→3)-D-glucan CO-1 and galactosaminoglycan CO-N were isolated from C. ophioglossoides (Ehrh.) Fr. Hanayasuritake. Antitumor polysaccharides such as galactomannan and β-(l→3)-D-glucan were isolated from the insect part and fruit body of C. cicadae. These polysaccharides were shown to have hypoglycemic activity. D-Mannitol, which is a sugar alcohol contained in many plants including fungi and marine algae, was isolated from Cordyceps species. It is said that sugar alcohol and trehalose help to moisten cells and exert cosmetic effects. The cultured hypha extract of Cordyceps species was orally administered and found to produce antifatigue and motor function improving effects.


Articles with similar content:

Pleurotus ostreatus and Laetiporus sulphureus (Agaricomycetes): Possible Agents against Alzheimer and Parkinson Diseases
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.21, 2019, issue 3
Jelena Vukojević, Milica Galić, Mirjana Stajic, Jasmina Ćilerdžić
Medicinal Mushrooms of Southwest Siberia
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Tamara V. Teplyakova, Irina A. Gorbunova, N. B. Perova
Evaluation of Higher Basidiomycetes Mushroom Lectin Activity in Submerged and Solid-State Fermentation of Agro-Industrial Residues
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.10, 2008, issue 2
Elene Davitashvili, Ekaterine Kapanadze, Eva Kachlishvili, Tamar Khardziani, Vladimir I. Elisashvili
A Review of Pharmacological Activities of Mushroom Polysaccharides
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.1, 1999, issue 3
Vincent Eng Choo Ooi, Fang Liu
Microstructures in Medicinal Mushroom Cultures
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Oksana B. Mykchaylova, Asja S. Buchalo, Vita M. Lynovitska, Marina Ya. Didukh