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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9437
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018028687
pages 1031-1045

Cultural and Metabolomic Studies of a New Phtalides Producer, Lignomyces vetlinianus (Agaricomycetes)

Katerina V. Sazanova
Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Nadezhda V. Psurtseva
V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences Prof. Popov St. 2, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russia
Alexey L. Shavarda
Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia; Research Park of Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

RÉSUMÉ

Culture characteristics and metabolomic profiling (on the basis of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) of 3 strains of Lignomyces vetlinianus were studied. Growth rate, macromorphology, and micromorphology of mycelia grown on various media are described. More than 60 compounds were detected in the mycelial extracts, including amino acids, organic acids that are active during the tricarboxylic acid cycle, sugars, fatty acids, sugar alcohols, and sugar acids. Principal component analysis of low-molecular-weight compounds in mycelial methanol extracts of L. vetlinianus strains at different stages of growth demonstrated that the pattern of mycelial metabolomes grouped by age of the culture indicates a significant relation between the development of the culture and the specificity of its metabolite spectrum. Slow-growing cultures develop gradually and are characterized by several changes in metabolite states. The pattern of points is grouped more tightly for fast-growing strains. The production of crystal-like aggregates was observed for aging mycelia at the stationary phase of growth. These aggregates were isolated from mycelia and identified as clusters of 4,6-dimethoxy-phthalide. The molecular structure of this substance was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance analysis. The results show that the concentration of 4,6-dimethoxy-phthalide increased during cultivation. Fruiting bodies contained very small amounts of 4,6-dimethoxy-phthalide compared with amounts in mycelia. It can be assumed that L. vetlinianus is a powerful natural producer of phthalides of biotech-nological interest and can be used as a model to study phenolic metabolism in fungi.


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