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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9437
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v15.i5.10
pages 425-434

The Artificial Cultivation of Medicinal Caterpillar Fungus, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Ascomycetes): A Review

Kai Yue
College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
Meng Ye
College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
Xiao Lin
College of Landscape Architecture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
Zuji Zhou
College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China

RÉSUMÉ

Caterpillar fungus, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (syn. Cordyceps sinensis), is highly valued in China as a dietary supplement or tonic food and natural remedy. The combination of the fungus and dead insect has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for centuries, and evidence shows its efficacy on immunomodulatory potentials. The price of O. sinensis has continued to increase over the last few years due to growing worldwide demand, driving research to determine methods of artificial cultivation to make O. sinensis a more affordable material for commercial trade. This study highlights many aspects of artificial cultivation of O. sinensis, including separation of the anamorph, culture of the mycelium, cultivation of the fruiting bodies, bioecological characteristics of the host insect, and two patterns of artificial cultivation. In addition, this review discusses the current state, limitations, remedies, and future prospects, aiming to draw researchers' attention to the new frontier of research needs in this context.


Articles with similar content:

Fruiting Body Production of the Medicinal Chinese Caterpillar Mushroom, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Ascomycetes), in Artificial Medium
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.17, 2015, issue 11
Li Cao, Richou Han, Yunshou Ye

Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc: Economy, Ecology, and Ethno-Mycology of Yartsa Gunbu, a Medicinal Fungus Endemic for the Tibetan Plateau
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
D. Winkler

Ethnomycological Use of Medicinal Chinese Caterpillar Fungus, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Berk.) G. H. Sung et al. (Ascomycetes) in Northern Yunnan Province, SW China
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.12, 2010, issue 4
Yanqiong Peng, Yongqiang Cao, Jiyue Chen, Darong Yang, Daniel Winkler, Sangwoo Lee

Medicinal Value of the Caterpillar Fungi Species of the Genus Cordyceps (Fr.) Link (Ascomycetes). A Review
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.10, 2008, issue 3
John Holliday, Matt P. Cleaver

Immune-Modulating Activity of Extract Prepared from Mycelial Culture of Chinese Caterpillar Mushroom, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Ascomycetes)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.17, 2015, issue 12
Ki-Chan Ha, Hyonseok Jang, Hong-Sig Sin, Sun-Hee Jang, Soo-Wan Chae, Byung-Ok So, Yong-Suk Jang, Seung-Hwan Jang, Su-Jin Jung, Sae-Hae Kim, Ha-Yan Lee