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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9437
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v4.i3.80
10 pages

Investigations at the Ukrainian Culture Collection of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms

Asja S. Buchalo
M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Tereshchenovskaya Str., 2, Kiev 01601, Ukraine
Nadezda Yu. Mitropolskaya
M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Tereschenkivska Str. 2, Kiev, 252601, Ukraine

RÉSUMÉ

At the Culture Collection of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms of N. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kiev), over 200 species from about 100 genera (about 800 strains) are represented. Among them are over 100 species which have medicinal properties (species of the genera Pleurotus, Lentinus, Flammulina, Ganoderma, Piptoporus, Coprinus, Marasmius, Psilocybe, Schzzophyllum, Trametes, Hericium, Omphalotus, Lepista, Stereum, Phellinus, Grifota, Lycoperdon, Phallus, Cyathus, Morchella, Tyromyces, etc.). For the correct identification of the taxonomic position of cultures, a complex of morphological and physiological criteria are proposed: presence and morphology of teleomorph stage; color, morphology, and growth rate of mycelial colony; type of anamorph; presence, dislocation, and morphology of clamp connections; special hyphal structures; character of enzymatic tests; and temperature interval of mycelial growth. Using scanning electron microscopy, new data were obtained on microstructures of vegetative mycelium in more than 100 species. Growth and morphogenesis of the wide range of species have been investigated under submerged cultivation. It has been proved that basic changes in morphology of vegetative mycelium do not take place in submerged culture. Strains of medicinal mushrooms promising for biotechnological application were selected, and obtaining dietary supplements from Pleurotus ostreatus in submerged culture was proposed.


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