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International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research
ESCI SJR: 0.206 SNIP: 0.446 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Imprimer: 2152-5102
ISSN En ligne: 2152-5110

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International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research

DOI: 10.1615/InterJFluidMechRes.2017018920
pages 1-20

EFFECTS OF VISCOSITY ON TRANSIENT BEHAVIOR OF A LOW SPECIFIC SPEED CENTRIFUGAL PUMP IN STARTING AND STOPPING PERIODS

Yu-Liang Zhang
College of Mechanical Engineering, Quzhou University, 324000, Quzhou, China
Zu-Chao Zhu
The Zhejiang Provincial Key Lab of Fluid Transmission Technology, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, 310018, Hangzhou, China
Wen-Guang Li
Department of Fluid Machinery, Lanzhou University of Technology, 730050, Lanzhou, China
Jun-Jian Xiao
College of Mechanical Engineering, Quzhou University, 324000, Quzhou, China

RÉSUMÉ

Low specific speed centrifugal pumps have been extensively applied in petroleum, petro-chemical, and other industrial sectors to transport liquids in a variety of viscosity. Their transient performance during starting and stopping processes can be important for their operational reliability; however, this performance has not been tackled under pumping highly viscous oils conditions so far. In the article, the transient turbulent flows in a low specific speed centrifugal pump are simulated with CFD code in starting and stopping periods for three liquids. The effects of viscosity on instant performance parameters, head-flow rate curves, instant internal flow variables, and flow structures in the impeller and volute are demonstrated. The parameter synchronization characteristic, hysteresis phenomenon in head-flow rate curves, and pump affinity law modification are addressed. It is turn out that a highly viscous liquid can respond to the pump speed change more quick than water, but is subject to a more significant overshoot in the shaft-power curve; thus, a liquid with higher viscosity than water potentially can reduce the operational reliability of a low specific speed centrifugal pump during the starting period.


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