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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.121 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Imprimer: 0896-2960
ISSN En ligne: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.2013007810
pages 77-100

Rehabilitation Modalities in Palliative Care

Edward L. Barawid
Palliative Care Service, University of California−Irvine, Orange, California
Natalia Covarrubias
Palliative Care Service, University of California−Irvine, Orange, California
Bianca Tribuzio
Palliative Care Service, University of California−Irvine, Orange, California
Danielle Perret Karimi
Palliative Care Service, University of California−Irvine, Orange, California
Solomon Liao
Palliative Care Service, University of California−Irvine, Orange, California

RÉSUMÉ

Palliative care incorporates an interdisciplinary team approach to the continued care of patients with life-threatening illnesses and their families. Major palliative diagnoses include cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, and neurodegenerative disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and end-stage dementia. When treating these patients with an interdisciplinary approach, rehabilitation medicine specialists and rehabilitative modalities are beneficial adjuvants. Like palliative medicine, rehabilitation medicine also incorporates an interdisciplinary approach to treating patients with chronic and even terminal illnesses. These rehabilitation modalities may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation units, heat pads, massage, prosthetics, orthotics, and medications and may be useful in improving function, mobility, activities of daily living, pain relief, endurance, and the psyche of a patient with a terminal illness. The modalities may also improve the patient's quality of life and ability to maintain as much independence as possible. In turn, this independence can decrease the burden on caregivers and family members. This review article focuses on rehabilitation modalities than can be used in patients with terminal illnesses in a palliative care setting.


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