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Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN Print: 1072-8325
ISSN Online: 1940-431X

Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.v14.i1.30
pages 49-65

IMPROVING WOMEN'S AND GIRLS' ATTITUDES TOWARD SCIENCE WITH INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES

Phyllis Leary Newbill
Department of Learning Sciences and Technologies, Virginia Tech
Katherine Sears Cennamo
Department of Learning Sciences and Technologies, Virginia Tech

ABSTRACT

One of the ways to plug the "leaking pipeline" of women scientists is to use the classroom to improve women's and girls' attitudes toward science. Considerable research has been done on women's and girls' reasons for choosing science, theories of attitudes and attitude change, instructional design for attitude change, and instructional design for women. Those bodies of literature are examined to distill the critical components for designing instruction to improve women's and girls' attitudes toward science. Three major themes are identified in the literature examined: the value of emotion, the positive effects of role models, and the need to address attitude functions. From conclusions based on the three themes, 15 specific instructional guidelines are presented and illustrated with an example of how these guidelines were incorporated in a Web-based science lesson.


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