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Telecommunications and Radio Engineering

ISSN Print: 0040-2508
ISSN Online: 1943-6009

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Telecommunications and Radio Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/TelecomRadEng.v54.i4.80
pages 68-79

Nonlinear and Kinetic Effects in the Propagation of an Intense Electromagnetic Pulse Through the Atmosphere

A. I. Golubev
Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov, 607190, Russia
M. D. Kamchibekov
Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov, 607190, Russia
A. V. Soldatov
Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov, 607190, Russia
T. G. Sysoeva
Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov, 607190, Russia
V. A. Terekhin
Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov, 607190, Russia
V. T. Tikhonchuk
P.N.Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, 117925, Russia

ABSTRACT

Kinetic models are derived for the description of intense electromagnetic pulse propagation through the Earth's atmosphere. The first, full model is based on a self-consistent solution to the set of Maxwell's equations coupled with the Boltzmann equation for free electrons in a two-polynomial approximation. The second, reduced model is based on the envelope approximation and is applied to quasi-monochromatic pulses. The capabilities and accuracy of both models are illustrated in several examples. In particular, we discuss the evolution of the pulse shape due to its absorption in the atmosphere and the evolution of the electron distribution function.