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Visualization of Mechanical Processes: An International Online Journal


ISSN Online: 2152-209X

Visualization of Mechanical Processes: An International Online Journal

DOI: 10.1615/VisMechProc.2017019590

MODELING OF THE MATERIAL FLOW IN FRICTION STIR SPOT WELDING USING SPH APPROACH

Sachin Patil
Mechanical Engineering Department, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS
Farzad Baratzadeh
Mechanical Engineering Department, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS; Advanced Joining and Processing Laboratory, National Institute for Aviation Research, Wichita, KS
Hamid Lankarani
Mechanical Engineering Department, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS

ABSTRACT

Investigation of material flow in the solid-state friction stir welding (FSW) is quite a complex process. It can be carried out either by experimentation or numerical simulation. However, compared to experimentation, numerical simulation is inexpensive, efficient and convenient, but quite challenging to model. The challenging issue in modeling FSW is to deal with the large deformations of the work piece material. The Lagrangian simulations of FSW show that the severely distorted finite elements are caused due to the large deformation of the workpiece material, which makes the Lagrangian approach inappropriate for modeling FSW. A good alternative is to study it in a smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) environment. SPH formulations are used to overcoming the shortcoming of Lagrangian formulations due to their continuous regimes. The basic idea of the SPH approach is that the mesh is obliged to follow material flow. Thereby the excessively distorted elements can be avoided as in Lagrangian formulations. In this paper, we fulfill this aim by using a SPH method. On the basis of the simulation results, it is concluded that the material motion characteristics on the top surface and through the depth (volume) of friction stir welds have been made for the advancing and retreating sides. The motion trends are consistent with the reported published experimental evidence.