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Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
IF: 1.15 5-Year IF: 1.4 SJR: 0.519 SNIP: 0.613 CiteScore™: 1.61

ISSN Print: 0731-8898
ISSN Online: 2162-6537

Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.v25.i4.50
pages 655-666

Cell Membrane-Associated MT1-MMP Dependent Activation of MMP-2 in SiHa (Human Cervical Cancer) Cells

Aparna Mitra
Department of Receptor Biology and Tumor Metastasis, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37 S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026, India
Jayati Chakrabarti
Department of Receptor Biology and Tumor Metastasis, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37 S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026, India
Aniruddha Banerji
Department of Receptor Biology and Tumor Metastasis, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37 S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026, India
Amitava Chatterjee
Department of Receptor Biology and Tumor Metastasis, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37 S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026, India

ABSTRACT

Among the soluble MMPs, MMP-2 (gelatinase A) is particularly important in the invasive property of tumor cells. Cell membrane-associated MMP-2 activation is one of the challenging areas in tumor biology. In the present communication, we studied the membrane dependent activation of MMP-2 in SiHa cells. Methods: Activation of pro-MMP-2 by membrane fraction, membrane extract, and live SiHa cells was studied by gelatin zymography. The role of MT1-MMP in MMP-2 activation was studied by incubating SiHa cells and cell membrane fractions with anti-MT1-MMP antibody. Results: Activation of purified pro-MMP-2 by membrane fraction isolated from SiHa cells, by SiHa cell membrane extract and by SiHa cells, pro-MMP-2 from Con A treated HT-1080 conditioned medium by SiHa cells, and pro-MMP-2 from serum free culture medium of SiHa cells and cervical tissue homogenate by SiHa cell membrane fraction was shown by gelatin zymography. SiHa membrane fraction activated only pro-MMP-2 from purified MMP-9/MMP-2 mixture, indicating that the activation is specific for MMP-2. Inhibition of MMP-2 activation in the presence of anti-MT1-MMP antibody strongly indicated that the cell membrane mediated MMP-2 activation is MT1-MMP dependent. Immunocytochemistry of SiHa cells demonstrated expression of MT1-MMP at focal points. Invasion assay showed that invasiveness of anti-MT1-MMP antibody treated SiHa cells through Matrigel was drastically reduced compared to control SiHa cells. Conclusions: Our findings furnish an example of the cell membrane-associated MT1-MMP mediated MMP-2 activation in SiHa cells and suggest that this MT1-MMP mediated MMP-2 activation is of importance in tumor invasion and metastasis. This MT1-MMP mediated MMP-2 activation on tumor cell surface could be a realistic target for managing metastatic diseases.


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