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Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
IF: 1.241 5-Year IF: 1.349 SJR: 0.356 SNIP: 0.613 CiteScore™: 1.61

ISSN Print: 0731-8898
ISSN Online: 2162-6537

Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.2015012006
pages 23-34

Lead Acetate-Induced Hepatoxicity in Wistar Rats: Possible Protective Role of Combination Therapy

Samta Sharma
Reproductive Biology and Toxicology Laboratory, School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011, India
Suchita Raghuvanshi
Reproductive Biology and Toxicology Laboratory, School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011, India
Amita Jaswal
Reproductive Biology and Toxicology Laboratory, School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011, India
Sadhana Shrivastava
Reproductive Biology and Toxicology Labora¬tory, UNESCO Satellite Center of Trace Element Research, School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior 474011, India
Sangeeta Shukla
School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior 474011, India

ABSTRACT

Experimental studies have shown that sulphur-containing antioxidants have beneficial effects against the detrimental properties of Pb. In the present study, we investigated the therapeutic potential of combined administration of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC; 50 mg/kg p.o.) and selenium (Se; 0.5 mg/kg p.o.) against lead acetate intoxication (Pb; 0.2% in water ad libitum) in a male rat model for 12 wk. The exposure of rats to lead acetate produced significant (P < 0.05) alterations in cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity, microsomal lipid peroxidation, reduced glutathione, and proteins. In addition, significant elevation in liver markers transaminases, triglycerides, cholesterol, and bilirubin as well as a decline in albumin were also compared with the experimental control rats. Combined treatment of lead-exposed animals with NAC and Se showed marked improvement of the biochemical, molecular, and histopathological findings. These experimental results strongly indicate the protective effect of NAC alone with Se against toxic effects of lead on liver tissue.


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