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Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

Impact factor: 1.246

ISSN Print: 0731-8898
ISSN Online: 2162-6537

Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.2013007557
pages 141-148

Trichosanthes dioica Fruit Extract Ameliorates Arsenic-Induced Brain Toxicity in Male Albino Rats

Sanjib Bhattacharya
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, PCTE Group of Institutes, Ludhiana 142021, Punjab, India
Pallab Kanti Haldar
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the ameliorative potential of aqueous extract of Trichosanthes dioica fruit (AQTD) against arsenic-induced toxicity in rat brain. AQTD (50 and 100 mg/kg) was administered orally to male Wistar albino rats for 20 consecutive days before oral administration of sodium arsenite (10 mg/kg) for 8 days. We then evaluated the brain biochemical parameters viz. lipid peroxidation, reduced and oxidized glutathione, glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and DNA fragmentation. Pretreatment with AQTD significantly and dose dependently modulated all the antioxidative parameters and reduced DNA fragmentation in rat brain intoxicated with arsenic. These findings conclude that T. dioica fruit possesses a remarkable ameliorative effect against arsenic-induced brain toxicity in male albino rats, which is mediated by alleviation of arsenic-induced oxidative stress by multiple mechanisms.