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Nanoscience and Technology: An International Journal
ESCI SJR: 0.228 SNIP: 0.484 CiteScore™: 0.37

ISSN Print: 2572-4258
ISSN Online: 2572-4266

Nanoscience and Technology: An International Journal

Formerly Known as Nanomechanics Science and Technology: An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/NanomechanicsSciTechnolIntJ.v5.i1.20
pages 13-22

CONTINUOUS SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY CVD METHOD

S. M. Nikitin
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
A. N. Danilin
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russia
Yulia N. Karnet
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 7 Leningradsky Ave., Moscow, 125040, Russian Federation
Lev N. Rabinskiy
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), 4 Volokolamskoe Highway, Moscow, 125993, Russia
Yuri G. Yanovsky
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 7 Leningradsky Ave., Moscow, 125040, Russia

ABSTRACT

The work presents comparative analysis of several modern technologies for carbon nanotube (CNT) synthesis. The most cost-effective and industrially promising catalytic vapor deposition (CVD) method, i.e., generation of CNTs from vapors by passing carbon-containing raw material in the form of vapor over the heated catalyst, is discussed. Some drawbacks of the method are pointed, including its periodicity (lack of possibility for continuous technology) and inefficient consumption of carbon-containing raw material and related inert gases. A modified CVD method is proposed, allowing its much higher efficiency and greater output capacity by using a continuous technological process.