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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.142 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Print: 2150-766X
ISSN Online: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2012001361
pages 45-54

HIGH-NITROGEN AND HIGH-OXYGEN EXPLOSIVES AS POSSIBLE REPLACEMENTS FOR RDX

Thomas M. Klapotke
Energetic Materials Research, Ludwig-Maximilian University Munich, Munich, 81377, Germany
Michael Gobel
Energetic Materials Research, Lud-wig-Maximilian University of Munich, Butenandtstr. 5-13, D 81377 Munich, Germany
Jorg Stierstorfer
Energetic Materials Research, Lud-wig-Maximilian University of Munich, Butenandtstr. 5-13, D 81377 Munich, Germany

ABSTRACT

New high explosives are desired for munitions (e.g., warheads) for replacement of toxic hexogen. One approach is the synthesis of high-nitrogen, high-oxygen explosives, which show promising detonation parameters. In this paper, we present a selection of the most promising candidates investigated in the last several years: the neutral compounds, N3,N6-bis-(2,2,2-trinitroethyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrazine-3,6-diamine (BiTNEAT) and bistetrazolylamine (H2BTA), and the two promising ionic compounds, triaminoguanidinium dinitramide (TAG-DN) and triaminoguanidinium 1-methyl-5-nitriminotet-razolate (TAG-1-MeAtNO2. Also, two very high explosives, 5-nitriminotetrazole (H2AtNO2) and 5-aminotetrazolium dinitramide, are mentioned.


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