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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.142 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Print: 2150-766X
ISSN Online: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.v5.i1-6.60
pages 40-49

CONTAINED LOW PRESSURE COMBUSTION OF NIKE AND IMPROVED HAWK ROCKET MOTORS: EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES AND EMISSIONS MEASUREMENTS

Joel Lipkin
Combustion Research Facility, Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, CA 94550
Christopher Shaddix
Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, USA
Sarah Allendorf
Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, USA
Raymond Peabody
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Carol Velsko
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
Bruce Watkins
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
Sam Williams
Bechtel Nevada, N. Las Vegas, NV, USA
Albert Moeller
Bechtel Nevada, N. Las Vegas, NV, USA
William Bellow
Bechtel Nevada, N. Las Vegas, NV, USA
John Carson
Radian International LLC, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Walter Gray
Radian International LLC, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
John R. Stephens
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA
Solim Kwak
US Army Defense Ammunition Center, McAlester, OK, USA

ABSTRACT

Results obtained from three rocket motor propellant burn tests conducted in a large, sealed, underground cavern are described. These tests made use of a runnel complex at the U.S. Department of Energy's Nevada Test Site, Mercury, NV, USA. The NIKE rocket motor containing double base propellant was used in two tests (two and four motors, respectively), and a third test used two Improved HAWK rocket motors containing composite propellant. In each test, relatively small quantities of explosive were used to initiate non-propulsive propellant bums that lasted approximately 20 seconds. An extensive suite of both time-resolved and time-averaged data was collected for several hours after each test. These data include pressure and temperature transients in the test chamber as well as concentrations and compositions of the gas species and aerosols generated by the combustion process.


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