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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.142 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Print: 2150-766X
ISSN Online: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2013001360
pages 173-182


David E. Chavez
Dynamic Experimentation Division, DX-2 Materials Dynamics Group Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM USA 87545
Bryce C. Tappan
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA


The synthesis of high-nitrogen energetic materials has been of ongoing interest at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). We have discovered that high-nitrogen materials can offer interesting performance and sensitivity properties not accessible through conventional energetic materials. For example, some of the high-nitrogen materials developed at LANL have extremely fast burn rates and very low dependence of the burn rate on pressure. Examples of this include 3,6-bis (tetrazol-5ylamino) tetrazine (BTATz) and diaminoazotetrazine N-oxides (DAATOx) materials. In this paper, we will discuss our recent developments in our continuing efforts toward the synthesis of new highnitrogen materials that feature interesting combustion and explosives properties. In particular, we will describe the synthesis of the high-nitrogen materials dinitroazotriazole (DNAT), dinitroazoxytriazole (DNATO), and the corresponding triaminoguanidinium salts (TAGDNAT, TAGDNATO), and present chemical properties such as density, and heat of formation, as well as their sensitivity properties. Thermo-equilibrium calculations (Cheetah code) were used to predict decomposition products as well as propellant and explosives behaviors. Finally, we will present burning rate data for these new materials.