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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.2014010610
pages 233-240

Musculoskeletal Healthcare Disparities: Influence of Patient Sex, Race, and Ethnicity on Utilization of Total Joint Arthroplasty

Anne Maurer
Zimmer, Inc., Warsaw, Indiana
Lynne C. Jones
Johns Hopkins University, Center for Osteonecrosis Research and Education, Baltimore, Maryland

ABSTRACT

Total joint arthroplasty is an effective treatment of musculoskeletal diseases including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, and other diseases of the major joints. Based on data obtained from the National Inpatient Survey from 2000 through 2010, substantial differences in the rates of utilization of total hip, knee, and shoulder arthroplasty were detected with respect to race, ethnicity, and gender/sex. The results of this study support the likelihood that it is the interaction between multiple factors (patient, physician, and system/institutional) that contributes to musculoskeletal health disparities. Our study shows that disparities in the utilization of total joint arthroplasty that were evident in 2000 continue to exist. Additional studies evaluating innovative approaches to reducing musculoskeletal disparities relating to total joint arthroplasty are needed.