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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.332 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v18.i3.30
pages 227-237

Implanted Electrodes in Peripheral Nerve Stimulation and Recording: Prospects of Their Application in Electronic Prosthesis Design

Lijun Li
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhong Shan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai
Hede Yan
Wenzhou medical college
Garth Campbell
Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi
William C. Lineaweaver
Division of Plastic Surgery. The University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500, North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216-4505
Ovunc Akdemir
Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi
Feng Zhang
Division of Plastic Surgery, Microsurgery Laboratory, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216

ABSTRACT

The use of peripheral nervous electrodes over the past 70 years has greatly enhanced understanding of the physiological mechanisms underlying nervous system function.. Tne clinical implementation of these electrodes can restore some of the lost functions of the paralyzed or quadriplegic patient, such as bladder control, arm movements, standing, or walking. Stimulation without appropriate control does not lend itself to clinically useful application. Therefore, peripheral nervous electrodes are also required to collect and decode peripheral nerve impulse recordings. The position, shape, and size of an electrode with respect to a neuron or axon determine the stimulating or recording properties. The use of such coded information from impulse recordings is profoundly important for the control of an electronic prosthesis. This article reviews recently published scientific reports pertaining to the use of peripheral nervous electrodes in order to summarize the classifications found in the literature, delineate the progress of the peripheral nervous microelectrode, and estimate its utilizable prospect in the control of electronic prostheses.