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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.332 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v13.i4.20
18 pages

Plates, Screws, and Children: Their Relationship in Craniomaxillofacial Trauma

Richard H. Haug
Professor of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Executive Associate Dean, Div.Chief Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center College of Dentistry, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
Larry L. Cunningham
Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Health Science, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Kentucky College of Dentistry, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
M. Todd Brandt
Resident, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Kentucky, College of Dentistry

ABSTRACT

The ideal modality for fixation of pediatric craniomaxillofacial fractures remains elusive for a number of reasons. Surgeons who manage these injuries have replaced wiring techniques with the introduction of some form of reconstructive implant. The most commonly used implants are either resorbable or semi-rigid titanium. This presentation is a synopsis of the past 30 years of the English-speaking scientific literature including plastic and reconstructive surgery, otolaryngology, head and neck surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric, trauma, craniofacial, materials, and biomaterials publications. While no consensus on ideal management was observed, various implant treatment options are discussed, including their indications, contraindications, considerations, and consequences after implant placement.