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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v11.i12.40
12 pages

The Scientific Basis for Selecting Surgical Sutures

Kant Y. Lin
Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Heidi-Marie A. Farinholt
Resident in General Surgery, University of Virginia Health Sciences System, Charlottsville, Virginia; and Resident in Pediatric and Adult Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore MD, USA
Vikram R. Reddy
Department of Plastic Surgery, Box 800376, University of Virginia Health Systems, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908-0376
Richard Edlich
Legacy Verified Level I Shock Trauma Center Pediatrics and Adults, Legacy Emanual Hospital; and Plastic Surgery, Biomedical Engineering and Emergency Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, USA
George T. Rodeheaver
Plastic Surgery Research Program, Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the handling properties of synthetic absorbable and monofilament polypropylene sutures made by two different manufacturers and to compare a subjective evaluation by surgeons to the results of standardized biomechanical performance tests. The surgeons' clinical subjective evaluation of the monofilament polypropylene sutures correlated with the results of the biomechanical performance studies, whereas the biomechanical evaluation of the two synthetic absorbable sutures detected notable differences in their performance. These distinct differences in biomechanical performance of the absorbable sutures did not alter their performance in the subjective clinical evaluation.