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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.2016010065
pages 295-302

Electromagnetic Response of Bones Adjacent to the Dental Root Before and After Dental Implantation

Sudipto Majumder
Department of Electrical Engineering, NIT Durgapur, India
Amit Roy Chowdhury
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, USA; Department of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Bengal Engineering and Science University, India
Subrata Saha
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174; Affiliated Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Affiliated Faculty, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was relative variation quantification of the total electric field (EF) sum in a region very close to a dental root of the first molar tooth for two different materials: dentine (before implantation) and titanium (present in a screw after implantation), due to development of electrical charges generated by chewing force on the tooth. Because bone is a piezoelectric material, mechanical strain that is generated by chewing force on bone adjacent to the dental root produces electrical charges. Relative variations in the EF sum values with distance of nodes from the centerline of the root was observed for both cases and studied for two different boundary voltage conditions. Simulation and analysis were performed using the commercial finite-element analysis package ANSYS14. The detailed convergence analysis validated the effectiveness and accuracy of finite-element simulations. Before and after implantation, a significant variation in generation of electric charges at adjacent bone of the dental root was observed. We found that the differences in stress generation at the adjacent bone for those cases were just 5%, on average.