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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v14.i1.30
10 pages

Current Status of the Laparoscopic Approach to Liver Resection

Tomasz Rogula
Minimal Access Surgery Center, Weill-Comell College of Medicine, New York, New York USA
Michel Gagner
Professor of Surgery; Chief, Division of Laparoscopic Surgery. Mount Sinai School of Medicine Box 1103, 5 East 98th Street New York NY 10029-6574; Minimal Access Surgery Center, Weill-Comell College of Medicine, New York, NY USA

ABSTRACT

We present the current status of laparoscopic approach to liver resection. Indications, surgical techniques, complications, and results are based on a review of the literature. Results: Over 700 laparoscopic liver procedures have been reported since 1991. A vast majority (70%) of the procedures were performed for benign lesions. The remaining 30% were malignant tumors. Cyst fenestration and unroofing was the most frequently performed laparoscopic liver procedure (245 patients). Overall morbidity was 12% (56 patients). The overall conversion rate was 11% (36 patients). Conclusion: Laparoscopic liver resection is feasible, with acceptable morbidity and mortality. Results should be confirmed in further prospective studies, especially for resection of malignant tumors.