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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.332 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v10.i4.50
12 pages

Follow-up Study of Gore-Tex® Artificial Ligament—Special Emphasis on Tunnel Osteolysis

Toru Fukubayashi
Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Art & Sciences, the University of Tokyo, Komaba 3-8-1, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 153-8902 Japan
Kohtaro Ikeda
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Institute of Clinical Medicine, the University of Tsukuba, Japan


The Gore-Tex anterior cruciate ligament has been implanted in 123 patients at our institutions between 1984 and 1993. The Gore-Tex ligaments were totally ruptured in 26 cases. In the remaining 97 cases, 80 were followed up 5-11 years after operation. Graft loosening occurred in half of the cases, and osteoarthritic change was developed in 62% of the cases. Moreover, tibial and tunnel osteolysis was observed in most of the cases. Judging from these follow-up results, the Gore-Tex ligament should not be used for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.