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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.332 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v14.i5.60
14 pages

Maryland State Police Aviation Division. A Model Emergency Medical System for Our Nation

Richard Edlich
Legacy Verified Level I Shock Trauma Center Pediatrics and Adults, Legacy Emanual Hospital; and Plastic Surgery, Biomedical Engineering and Emergency Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, USA
John R. Wish
Member of the Board of Directors and Head of the Research Committee of the Association of Airmedical Services, Professor Emeritus of Economics, Lewis & Clark College, Portland, Oregon, USA

ABSTRACT

This collective review has the following purposes. First we will describe each of the components of the Maryland State Police Aviation Division. We will then provide detailed information about the Atlas and Database of Air Medical Services (ADAMS) compiled by the center for transportation and injury research (Buffalo, New York) in alliance with the Association of Air Medical Services (Alexandria, Virginia) that provides a unique opportunity for each state to evaluate the comprehensive nature of their air medical services. The concept "the golden hour" has been molded into the world's premier public service aviation unit, which has proudly served the citizens of Maryland for over 24 years. This effort was initially made possible through a cooperative effort between the Maryland State Police Aviation Division and Dr. R Adams Cowley at the University of Maryland Hospital as a public service to the citizens of the state. This arrangement added a unique, economical, and life-saving component to the regionalized Emergency Medical Services and Critical Care system coordinated by the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems (MIESS). The Maryland State Police Aviation Division has four components: (1) aircraft, (2) state troopers, (3) system communications (SYSCOM) center, and (4) level I adult and pediatric trauma centers, as well as a regional burn center.
ADAMS is a compilation of information of Air Medical Services in the United States to respond to traumas and other emergencies. Specifically, ADAMS provides descriptive and geographic information on Air Medical Service base locations, communication centers, rotor wing (RW) assets, and the major hospitals and transports that receive scene transports. The database includes all types of provider organizations including nonprofit, commercial, and public service (fire, police) air medical service providers, as well as several military units that routinely provide transport in remote areas. ADAMS provides national and statewide maps indicating air transport systems, trauma centers, and geographic population density. To provide a greater perspective on emergency medical care in individual states using the carefully tabulated ADAMS data, we compared the air emergency medical systems in Maryland to those of Oregon. Regardless of population density, Maryland provides air medical transport throughout the entire state, with the exception of only three small geographic areas. Maryland's 15 helicopter bases provide quick access for the seriously injured patient to either a Level I or pediatric trauma center within the "golden hour." In contrast, the air medical transportation system in Oregon is restricted to only three small geographic regions, making it an invitation to death for many seriously injured patients. It should be a federal mandate that the injured patient should gain access either by air transport or ambulance service to a Level I trauma center within that "golden hour." This federal legislation should include new criteria to initiate the dispatch of a helicopter to the scene of an accident or injury.