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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.332 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v12.i4.10
20 pages

An Innovative Surgical Suture and Needle Evaluation and Selection Program

Richard Edlich
Legacy Verified Level I Shock Trauma Center Pediatrics and Adults, Legacy Emanual Hospital; and Plastic Surgery, Biomedical Engineering and Emergency Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, USA
Robin R. Szarmach
Consorta, Inc., Catholic Resource Partners, Rolling Meadows, Illinois
Jean Livingston
Consorta, Inc., Catholic Resource Partners, Rolling Meadows, Illinois
George T. Rodeheaver
Plastic Surgery Research Program, Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA
John G. Thacker
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia


This report describes an innovative suture and needle clinical evaluation program jointly designed by hospital representatives of Consorta, Inc., a healthcare resource management and group purchasing organization, and United States Surgical/Davis & Geck Sutures (USS/D&G), manufacturer of surgical biomaterials. Nineteen Consorta shareholder hospitals enrolled 699 surgeons to participate in Phase I of this nonexperimental observational study of the clinical performance of surgical needles and sutures. Performance characteristics of the sutures and needles produced by USS/D&G, which were evaluated in 3407 surgical procedures, included packaging and ease of opening, needle strength and sharpness, tissue drag, knot security, tensile strength, and clinically acceptable and unacceptable determinations. In these 30-day studies, the surgeons concluded that the needles and sutures were clinically acceptable in 98.1% of the evaluations. 6 e general, cardiothoracic, and orthopedic surgeons, who performed 73.8% of the product evaluations, reported that the suture and needle products were clinically acceptable in 97.2% of the evaluations. More than half (50.1%) of the evaluations involved the POLISORB* braided synthetic sutures, which received a clinically acceptable rating in 98.4% of the evaluation. The next most frequently used sutures were the SOFSILK*, followed by the monofilament nylon suture. SOFSILK* was found to be clinically acceptable in 98.7% of the evaluations, whereas the monofilament nylon was noted to be clinically acceptable in 96.3% of the evaluations. Surgical needles made by USS/D&G had a 97.9% clinical acceptability rating.