ISSN Print: 1050-6934
Volumes:Volume 28, 2018 Volume 27, 2017 Volume 26, 2016 Volume 25, 2015 Volume 24, 2014 Volume 23, 2013 Volume 22, 2012 Volume 21, 2011 Volume 20, 2010 Volume 19, 2009 Volume 18, 2008 Volume 17, 2007 Volume 16, 2006 Volume 15, 2005 Volume 14, 2004 Volume 13, 2003 Volume 12, 2002 Volume 11, 2001 Volume 10, 2000
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
Application of the Finite Element Method in Orthopedic Implant Design
Department of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Howrah-711103, India
The finite element method (FEM) was first introduced to the field of orthopedic biomechanics in the early 1970s to evaluate stresses in human bones. By the early 1980s, the method had become well established as a tool for basic research and design analysis. Since the late 1980s and early 1990s, FEM has also been used to study bone remodeling. Today, it is one of the most reliable simulation tools for evaluating wear, fatigue, crack propagation, and so forth, and is used in many types of preoperative testing. Since the introduction of FEM to orthopedic biomechanics, there have been rapid advances in computer processing speeds, the finite element and other numerical methods, understanding of mechanical properties of soft and hard tissues and their modeling, and image-processing techniques. In light of these advances, it is accepted today that FEM will continue to contribute significantly to further progress in the design and development of orthopedic implants, as well as in the understanding of other complex systems of the human body. In the following article, different main application areas of finite element simulation will be reviewed including total hip joint arthroplasty, followed by the knee, spine, shoulder, and elbow, respectively.
KEY WORDS: finite element method, orthopaedic implants, design, joint replacement, stress distribution, bone implant interaction
|Begell Digital Portal||Begell Digital Library||eBooks||Journals||References & Proceedings||Research Collections|