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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.2013010098
pages 309-313

Early Results of Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Super-Obese Patients

Kimona Issa
Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, South Orange Village, NJ; Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
Hirschel Wohl
Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland 21215
Qais Naziri
Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Center for Joint Preservation and Reconstruction, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center/University Hospital Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY
James D. McDermott
Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, South Orange Village, NJ
Jeffery J. Cherian
Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
Michael A. Mont
Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in super-obese patients compared to a cohort who had a normal body mass index (BMI). Twenty patients (23 hips) who had a minimum BMI of 50 kg/m2 who underwent a primary THA between 2001 and 2010 were reviewed. They had a mean age of 50 years and follow-up of 36 months. These patients were compared (1:2 ratio) to a matched group of 40 patients (46 hips) who had a normal body mass index (less than 25 kg/m2) who underwent a THA during the same time period. Outcomes evaluated included implant survivorship, Harris hip scores, and complication rates. Overall, aseptic implant survivorship was lower in the super-obese patients compared to the matching group (96% versus 100%), but the difference was not significant. However, super-obese patients had significantly lower mean Harris hip scores (84 vs 91 points) and higher complication rate at final follow-up. Although the clinical outcomes of primary total hip arthroplasty were poorer in the super-obese patients, it is encouraging that even in these patients, total hip arthroplasty can have acceptable outcomes. However, these patients may benefit from a discussion with their orthopaedic surgeons to develop realistic expectations from the outcomes of their arthroplasty procedure.