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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.332 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v21.i2.60
pages 159-167

Bone Regeneration of Tibial Segmental Defect Using Isotropic-Pore Structures Hydroxyapatite/Alumina Bi-Layered Scaffold: In Vivo Pilot Study

Jun Sik Son
Research Center for Oral Disease Regulation of the Aged, Chosun University, Korea
Jong Min Kim
College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Korea
Myungho Han
Department Display & Chemical Engineering, Kyungil University, Gyeongbuk, Korea
Seok Hwa Choi
College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Korea
Francis Y. Lee
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Center for Orthopaedic Research, Columbia University, NY
Daniel Oh
Columbia University Medical Center


Bone defects resulting from trauma or pathology represent a common and significant clinical problem. In this study, hydroxyapatite (HAp)-alumina bi-layered scaffolds, which have the benefits of both HAp (i.e., osteointegration, osteoconduction) and alumina (i.e., hardness) were used as a bone substitute for the repair of large segmental defects (20 mm) created in a beagle tibia model. Highly porous bi-layered scaffolds with isotropic-pore structures were fabricated using a polymer-template coating technique. The pore sizes obtained using this approach ranged between 230 μm and 470 μm, and porosity was 91.61±1.28%. Using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy, it was confirmed that the frame of each bi-layered scaffold consisted of an alumina inner layer and HAp outer layer. The evaluation of bone regeneration within each scaffold after implantation in the beagle tibia was performed using CT, micro-CT, scintigraphy. New bone formation was evident in the large segmental defects treated with HAp/alumina scaffolds. It was concluded from this study that the HAp/alumina bi-layered scaffold is instrumental in inducing host-scaffold engraftment at the distal and proximal ends of the defect as well as distributing the newly formed bone throughout each scaffold 8 weeks post-implantation.