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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v21.i2.70
pages 169-183

Bioceramics in Ossicular Replacement Prostheses: A Review

Plawut Wongwiwat
Industrial and System Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
Apichart Boonma
Industrial and System Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
Yuan-Shin Lee
Industrial and System Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
Roger J. Narayan
UNC/NCSU Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering

ABSTRACT

For many decades, bioceramic materials have been used in a variety of biomedical applications due to their biocompatibility, hardness, wear resistance and compressive strength properties. Bioceramic materials, including Bioglass, glass ceramic materials, and hydroxyapatite, have used to create total ossicular replacement prostheses and partial ossicular replacement prostheses. This review describes design factors associated with middle ear implants as well as clinical use of bioceramic materials in middle ear implants.