Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v15.i6.70
pages 641-654

Composite Resin in Medicine and Dentistry

Pamela S. Stein
Assistant Professor of Anatomy and Neurobiology and Restorative Dentistry, Department of Oral Health Practice, University of Kentucky College of Dentistry, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
Jennifer Sullivan
Assistant Professor of Restorative Dentistry, Department of Oral Health Practice, University of Kentucky College of Dentistry, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
James E. Haubenreich
Assistant Professor of Restorative Dentistry, Department of Oral Health Practice, University of Kentucky, College of Dentistry, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
Paul B. Osborne
Assistant Professor of Restorative Dentistry, Department of Oral Health Practice, University of Kentucky College of Dentistry, Lexington, Kentucky, USA

ABSTRACT

Composite resin has been used for nearly 50 years as a restorative material in dentistry. Use of this material has recently increased as a result of consumer demands for esthetic restorations, coupled with the public's concern with mercury-containing dental amalgam. Composite is now used in over 95% of all anterior teeth direct restorations and in 50% of all posterior teeth direct restorations. Carbon fiber reinforced composites have been developed for use as dental implants. In medicine, fiber-reinforced composites have been used in orthopedics as implants, osseous screws, and bearing surfaces. In addition, hydroxyapatite composite resin has become a promising alternative to acrylic cement in stabilizing fractures and cancellous screw fixation in elderly and osteoporotic patients. The use of composite resin in dentistry and medicine will be the focus of this review, with particular attention paid to its physical properties, chemical composition, clinical applications, and biocompatibility.