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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.332 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v13.i6.50
18 pages

Implant Materials, Design, and Surface Topographies: Their Influence on Osseointegration of Dental Implants

R. Gilbert Triplett
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Pharmacology, Baylor College of Dentistry. The Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
Uwe Frohberg
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Pharmacology, Baylor College of Dentistry. The Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
Nikitas Sykaras
Private Practice, Athens, Greece
Ronald D. Woody
Department of Restorative Sciences, Baylor College of Dentistry. The Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas, USA

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this review is to describe commonly used dental implants with reference to their material composition, design factors, and surface topographies. The review includes a discussion of the biological principle of osseointegration and how this process of bone-implant interaction is influenced by different implant materials, designs, and surface characteristics.