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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.332 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v13.i6.30
14 pages

Robotic Cardiac Surgery

Alan P. Kypson
Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA
L. Wiley Nifong
Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA
W. Randolph Chitwood, Jr.
Professor of Surgery; Senior Associate Vice Chancellor Health Sciences (Cardiovascular Diseases); Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Brody School of Medicine/East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA

ABSTRACT

Traditionally, cardiac surgery has been performed by median sternotomy. However, a renaissance is occurring. Cardiac operations are being performed through smaller and alternative incisions with enhanced technological assistance. Both coronary artery bypass grafting and valve surgery can be accomplished with this novel methodology. Specifically, minimally invasive mitral valve surgery has become standard for many surgeons. At our institution, we have developed a robotic mitral surgery program with the da VinciTM telemanipulation system. This system allows the surgeon to perform complex mitral valve operations through small port sites rather than a traditional median sternotomy. Our techniques and initial results are reported, as is a brief overview of the evolution of robotic cardiac surgery.