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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v21.i3.60
pages 225-232

Joint Arthroplasty and Infection: Where Do We Stand?

David Vegari
Thomas Jefferson University
Javad Parvizi
Rothman Institute of Orthopaedics, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

ABSTRACT

With the field of orthopedic surgery making tremendous advances, no one arena has changed more dramatically then total joint arthroplasty. While this kind of surgery has improved quality of life for many patients, it is not without complications. When they do occur, these complications can be devastating and inflict immense burden on patients and the society. Currently, the rate of periprosthetic joint infection ranges from 0.25% to 2.0%. As the number of total joint arthroplasty procedures is expected to rise considerably, these percentages will impose a financial burden on the field of adult reconstruction. The purpose of our paper is to discuss preventative measures that can be taken to curtail infections, the proper diagnosis of such infections, and the appropriate treatment options.