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Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

ISSN Print: 1050-6934
ISSN Online: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v13.i1.50
8 pages

Calcium Phosphate Bone Cements: A Comprehensive Review

Denton D. Weiss
Eastern Virginia Medical School, Department of Otolaryngology, Norfolk, Virginia
Matthew A. Sachs
Eastern Virginia Medical School, Department of Otolaryngology, Norfolk, Virginia
Charles R. Woodard
Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk; Department of Plastic Surgery, Box 800376, University of Virginia Health Systems, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA

ABSTRACT

Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) augment the healing of bone following craniofacial and maxillofacial surgery. Their ability to function as bone substitutes has accelerated the healing processes from bone fractures or defects. Although CPCs all possess the same general function, small chemical composition differences in these compounds have a profound impact on their in vivo character. The main purpose of this article is to report the differences of several major CPCs. When available, specific clinical trials are referenced. The goal is to expand the knowledge base on CPCs to better inform the clinician and researcher.