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Journal of Automation and Information Sciences
SJR: 0.238 SNIP: 0.464 CiteScore™: 0.27

ISSN Print: 1064-2315
ISSN Online: 2163-9337

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Journal of Automation and Information Sciences

DOI: 10.1615/JAutomatInfScien.v48.i11.30
pages 23-39

Using Vision Systems for Determining the Parameters of Relative Motion of Spacecrafts

Vyacheslav F. Gubarev
Institute of Space Research of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and State Space Agency of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
Vitaliy P. Boyun
V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Sergey V. Melnichuk
Institute of Space Research of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and State Space Agency of Ukraine, Kiev
Nikolay N. Salnikov
Institute of Space Research of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and National Space Agensy of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Vladimir A. Simakov
Institute of Space Research of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and State Space Agency of Ukraine, Kiev
Leonid A. Godunok
Private joint-stock company "KURS Research-and-Production Complex", Kiev
Vyacheslav I. Komisarenko
Institute for Applied System Analysis of National Technical University of Ukraine "Kiev Polytechnic Institute", Kiev
Victor Yu. Dobrovolskyy
Private joint-stock company "KURS Research-and-Production Complex", Kiev
Sergey V. Derkach
Private joint-stock company "KURS Research-and-Production Complex", Kiev
Sergey A. Matviyenko
Private joint-stock company "KURS Research-and-Production Complex", Kiev

ABSTRACT

The problem of determining the parameters of the relative position and attitude of a passive spacecraft (SC) with respect to the active SC, using 3-D graphical model and video data for approach and docking. A method for determining the relative position and orientation is based on a comparison of the image, obtained by the video camera, with the images of SC for which the parameters of relative position and attitude are known, is proposed. Three approaches to image comparisons are proposed and discussed. The results of simulation of work of the method of determining the parameters of relative position and attitude for all three approaches of comparison of images are presented, their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed.