Impact factor: 3.698
ISSN Print: 1040-8401
Volumes:Volume 36, 2016 Volume 35, 2015 Volume 34, 2014 Volume 33, 2013 Volume 32, 2012 Volume 31, 2011 Volume 30, 2010 Volume 29, 2009 Volume 28, 2008 Volume 27, 2007 Volume 26, 2006 Volume 25, 2005 Volume 24, 2004 Volume 23, 2003 Volume 22, 2002 Volume 21, 2001 Volume 20, 2000 Volume 19, 1999 Volume 18, 1998 Volume 17, 1997 Volume 16, 1996 Volume 15, 1995 Volume 14, 1994
Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
B-Cell Activation by Helper T-Cell Membranes
Marilyn R. Kehry
Department of Inflammatory Diseases, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Ridgefield, CT 06877
Philip D. Hodgkin
The John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Canberra, A.C.T. Australia 2601
Resting B cells can be stimulated to proliferate and differentiate to antibody-producing cells by the combination of cell contact and soluble signals provided by activated primed helper T (Th) cells. The ability of purified plasma membranes from activated Th cell clones and recombinant lymphokines to reconstitute B cell proliferation and differentiation has allowed an increased understanding of B cell activation and characterization of the molecules involved. B cell-Th cell contact appears sufficient for delivering the proliferative signal to B cells in the absence of lymphokines. A receptor ligand pair that plays a critical role in delivery of the contact signal is CD40 on the B cell surface and the ligand for CD40 on activated Th cells. Lymphokines alone do not drive resting B cell differentiation; however, when these soluble signals are delivered during the time of B cell DNA replication, they effect B cell differentiation and isotype switching. Delivery of the CD40-dependent contact signal to resting B cells appears to require a high degree of CD40 crosslinking on the B cell surface. Providing contact signals to naive B cells with recombinant molecules in membrane fractions may allow the generation of methodology to support the production of novel antibodies in vitro.
KEY WORDS: B cell-T cell contact, T cell help, CD40, CD40 ligand, B cell differentiation, long-term B cell growth.
|Begell Digital Portal||Begell Digital Library||eBooks||Journals||References & Proceedings||Research Collections|