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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
IF: 2.9 5-Year IF: 3.72 SJR: 0.736 SNIP: 0.551 CiteScore™: 2.43

ISSN Print: 0743-4863
ISSN Online: 2162-660X

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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.v29.i3.10
pages 183-218

Pharmaceutical Cocrystals: A Novel Approach for Oral Bioavailability Enhancement of Drugs

Renu Chadha
University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh, INDIA
Anupam Saini
University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University
Poonam Arora
University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University
Swati Bhandari
University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University

ABSTRACT

Solid dosage forms are by far the preferred drug delivery systems. However, these often face the problem of poor and erratic bioavailability during the drug development process. Numerous formulation strategies for drug delivery are currently under development, among which the solid forms such as polymorphs, solvates, salts, and cocrystals have been considered to be the most important for improving dissolution rate and bioavailability. Cocrystallization is a fairly new approach in pharmaceutical industry that can improve the solubility and, consequently, the bioactivity of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) without compromising its structural integrity. Pharmaceutical cocrystals have found their place in drug delivery, primarily due to their ability to produce alternative, viable solid forms when a more standard approach of salt and polymorph formation fails to deliver the desired objectives. Over the past few years, a number of papers have been published focusing on a broad range of subjects, from traditional crystal engineering to structure-property relationships of cocrystals. The present review, however, illustrates how the cocrystalline forms of APIs have improved their in vitro dissolution rate and in vivo bioavailability, often correlating well with their improved solubility as well.


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