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Hydrobiological Journal

ISSN Print: 0018-8166
ISSN Online: 1943-5991

Hydrobiological Journal

DOI: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v40.i1.20
14 pages

Studies on Phytoplankton of the Black Sea (review)

D. A. Nesterova
Institute of Marine Biology, NAS Ukraine, 37, Pushkinskaya St., Odessa 65011, Ukraine


Data on phytoplankton of the Black Sea are generalized. Three main stages in its investigation are distinguished: 1) floristic stage (the latter part of the 19th century − the mid-twentieth century); 2) floristic and productional stage (the 1940s−1970s); and 3) ecological stage (the 1970s−the latter part of the 20th century). The species composition and functioning of phytoplankton were studied both in the coastal zone of the sea and in its open parts. Changes in the development of phytoplankton caused by eutrophication are analyzed.