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Hydrobiological Journal
SJR: 0.217 SNIP: 0.575 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN Print: 0018-8166
ISSN Online: 1943-5991

Hydrobiological Journal

DOI: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v34.i2-3.30
pages 10-35

Biogeography of Continental Water Bodies of Ukraine and Neighboring Territories. 1. Holocene Complexes

V. V. Polishchuk
Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine

ABSTRACT

On the basis of data on the distribution of local aquatic animal complexes in the Pontic-Azov basin and faunistically related areas, a modified biogeographic zoning of water bodies of Ukraine and neighboring territories is proposed. Nine faunal complexes are identified, each with a specific pattern of distribution: Danubian, Dniester, Volga, Central European, Kuban, Colchis-Anatolian, Noghai, and Hyrcanian. The main features of their history, the system of adaptations to changing environmental conditions, specific biocenotic characteristics, parameters of production, self-purification, and other processes, and principal local differences are considered.