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Heat Transfer Research

Impact factor: 0.930

ISSN Print: 1064-2285
ISSN Online: 2162-6561

Heat Transfer Research

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.v39.i3.30
pages 211-228

Modeling and Simulation of Solid Propellant Particle Path in the Combustion Chamber of a Solid Rocket Motor

Ryo S. Amano
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
YuMin Xiao
ESI-CFD, Huntsville, AL 35803, Al, USA


In a solid rocket motor (SRM) using aluminized composite solid propellant and a submerged nozzle, a two-phase flow needs to be investigated by both experiment and computation. The boundary conditions for the ejecting particles constrain their trajectories, hence these affect the two-phase flow calculations, and thus significantly affect the evaluation of the slag accumulation. A new method to determine the velocities of particles on the solid propellant surface was developed in the present study, which is based on the RTR (X-ray Realtime Radiography) technique and coupled with the two-phase flow numerical simulation. A method was developed to simulate the particle ejection from the propellant surface. The moving trajectories of metal particles in a firing combustion chamber were measured by using the RTR high-speed motion analyzer. Image processing software was also developed for the RTR images, so the trajectories of particles could be obtained. Numerical simulations with different propellant-surface boundary conditions were performed to calculate particle trajectories. By comparing the two trajectories, an appropriate boundary condition on the propellant surface was referred. The present method can be extended to study the impingement of particles on a wall and other related two-phase flows.