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Journal of Porous Media

Impact factor: 1.035

ISSN Print: 1091-028X
ISSN Online: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v12.i12.70
pages 1225-1235

Unsteady Natural Convection Flow over a Heated Cylinder Buried in a Fluid Saturated Porous Medium

Mahesh Kumari
Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India
Girishwar Nath
Professor S. K. Sinha, KNIT Campus, IV/17, KNIT, Sultanpur 228118, India


Transient natural convection flow on a heated cylinder buried in a semi-infinite liquid-saturated porous medium has been studied. The unsteadiness in the problem arises due to the cylinder, which is heated (cooled) suddenly and then maintained at that temperature. The coupled partial differential equations governing the flow and heat transfer are cast into stream function-temperature formulation, and the solutions are obtained from the initial time to the time when steady state is reached. The heat transfer is found to change significantly with increasing time in a small time interval immediately after the start of the impulsive change, and steady state is reached after some time. The average Nusselt number is found to increase with Rayleigh number. When the surface of the cylinder is suddenly cooled, there is a change in the direction of the heat transfer in a small time interval immediately after the start of the impulsive change in the surface temperature; however, when the surface temperature is suddenly increased, no such phenomenon is observed.