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Heat Pipe Science and Technology, An International Journal

ISSN Print: 2151-7975
ISSN Online: 2151-7991

Heat Pipe Science and Technology, An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/HeatPipeSciTech.v1.i2.30
pages 151-162

DEVELOPMENT AND INVESTIGATION OF COPPER-WATER LOOP HEAT PIPES WITH HIGH OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS

Yury F. Maydanik
Institute of Thermal Physics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 107a Amundsen Str., Yekaterinburg, 620016, Russia
S. Vershinin
Institute of Thermal Physics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 106 Amundsen St., Ekaterinburg 620016, Russia

ABSTRACT

This paper represents the results of development and investigation of the operating characteristics and maximum thermal parameters of a copper–water loop heat pipe (LHP) with an effective length of 330 mm equipped with a flat-oval evaporator, 7 mm thick, whose active zone measures 32 × 32 mm. Tests were conducted with heat sources which had heating surfaces of 9 and 1 cm2. In the first case, a maximum heat flux of 100.1 W/cm2 was achieved at a vapor temperature of 104.4°C. The thermal resistance of the evaporator in this case had a minimum value of 0.014°C/W, and the heat-transfer coefficient in the evaporator zone reached a maximum equal to 79100 W/m2°C. With a heat load concentrated on a surface of 1 cm2, the maximum heat flux in the heating zone was 898 W/cm2 at a vapor temperature of 100.7°C. A minimum value of the evaporator thermal resistance of 0.088°C/W and a value of the heat-transfer coefficient equal to 113,700 W/m2°C, which corresponded to it, were achieved at a heat flux of 334 W/cm2 and a vapor temperature of 97.9°C.