Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.207 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Print: 0278-940X
ISSN Online: 1943-619X

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.2018028254
pages 469-493

Scaffold-Free Spheroids Derived from Stem Cells for Tissue-Engineering Applications

Kaushik U. Desai
Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India
Pradnya M. Salve
Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India
Neha B. Sapkal
Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India
Jay R. Dave
Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India
Geetanjali B. Tomar
Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering has gained attention in the past decade due to its efficient interaction with the host system and potential therapeutic capabilities. Although scaffold-based approaches provide much needed mechanical strength and support to the regenerating tissue, they also invite foreign body reaction initiated by macrophages, causing inflammation and toxicity, and may also sometime interfere with the regeneration of indigenous tissue due to very slow degradation. Therefore, spheroids provide a promising tool for improving cell survival and for preserving cell-to-cell interaction. They have promptly gained popularity because of their ability to provide superior cellular heterogeneity, nutrient and oxygen gradients (replicating the original tissue), matrix deposition, and gene expression profiles. Because of their ability to differentiate into multiple cell lineages, stem cell–based spheroids have opened new avenues for future regenerative medicine. In this review we focus on various methods for fabrication of spheroids from stem cells and their application in regenerative approaches for different tissues/organs.