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Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.243 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Print: 0278-940X
ISSN Online: 1943-619X

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v38.i4.20
pages 347-379

Advances in Surface EMG: Recent Progress in Clinical Research Applications

Roberto Merletti
Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System (LISiN), Department of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Alberto Botter
Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System (LISiN), Department of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Corrado Cescon
Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System (LISiN), Department of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Marco A. Minetto
Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System (LISiN), Department of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino; and Department of Internal Medicine, Università di Torino, Italy
Taian M.M. Vieira
Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System (LISiN), Department of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Italy

ABSTRACT

This article is the second part of a larger review work that has been structured in three parts. The three parts concern a) advances in surface EMG detection and processing techniques, b) recent progress in surface EMG clinical research applications, and c) myoelectric control in neurorehabilitation. This second part concerns state of the art applications of surface EMG techniques to a) the external anal sphincter in relation to episiotomy and incontinence; b) the assessment of postural control mechanisms; c) exercise physiology, electrical stimulation and muscle cramps; and d) ergonomics and work-related neuromuscular disorders. The material is presented with an effort to fill gaps left by previous reviews and identify areas open for future research.


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