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Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer
IF: 0.562 5-Year IF: 0.605 SJR: 0.175 SNIP: 0.361 CiteScore™: 0.33

ISSN Print: 1065-5131
ISSN Online: 1026-5511

Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/JEnhHeatTransf.2011001881
pages 449-463

EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL STUDIES ON SHELL-SIDE PERFORMANCE OF THREE DIFFERENT SHELL-AND-TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS WITH HELICAL BAFFLES

Gui-Dong Chen
MOE Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China
Min Zeng
Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China
Qiu-Wang Wang
Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, P.R. China

ABSTRACT

Shell-and-tube heat exchangers (STHXs) have been widely used in many industrial processes. In the present paper, shell-side flow and heat transfer characteristics of shell-and-tube heat exchanger with continuous helical baffles (CH-STHX) is experimentally studied. Correlations for heat transfer and pressure drop, which are estimated by the Nusselt number and the friction factor, are fitted by experimental data for thermal design. The computational fluid dynamic (CFD) method is also used to compare the shell-side heat transfer and flow performance of the CH-STHX, STHX with combined helical baffles (CMH-STHX), and STHX with discontinuous helical baffles (DCH-STHX). The numerical results show that, for the same Reynolds number, the shell-side Nusselt numbers of the CMH-STHX and CH-STHX are ∼37.6% and ∼78.2% higher than that of the DCH-STHX, and shell-side friction factors of the CMH-STHX and CH-STHX are ∼104.1% and ∼177.0% higher than that of the DCH-STHX. Reasonable maximal velocity ratio design can make the CMH-STHX and DCH-STHX have higher heat transfer coefficients than the CH-STHX for the same mass flow rate in the shell side.