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Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer

Impact factor: 0.562

ISSN Print: 1065-5131
ISSN Online: 1563-5074

Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/JEnhHeatTransf.v3.i1.30
pages 29-42

Laminar Mixed Convection Heat Transfer in Externally Finned Pipes

F. Moukalled
American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
M. Darwish
Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Sumanta Acharya
Ring Companies Chair Mechanical Engineering Department University of Memphis, Memphis TN 38152


The influence of aiding and opposing buoyancy forces on forced convection heat transfer in vertically oriented, externally finned pipes is studied numerically. A periodically varying external heat transfer coefficient is used to model the finned surface. Results are presented in terms of the streamwise variation of the fluid bulk temperature and tube-side Nusselt number, axially-averaged and periodically fully developed Nusselt number values, and axial velocity and temperature profiles. Average Nusselt number correlations for both constant and periodically varying Biot numbers are also presented. Buoyancy induced effects are observed to increase with higher levels of the external heat transfer coefficient (or fin effectiveness) and decrease with increasing inter-fin spacing. A constant spatially averaged Biot number approximation to the periodic variation is found to be satisfactory only in the periodically developed regions of the flow.