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International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification
IF: 3.259 5-Year IF: 2.547 SJR: 0.417 SNIP: 0.8 CiteScore™: 1.52

ISSN Print: 2152-5080
ISSN Online: 2152-5099

Open Access

International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification

DOI: 10.1615/Int.J.UncertaintyQuantification.v1.i2.40
pages 163-187


Sharif Rahman
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering University of Iowa Iowa City, IA 55242, USA
Vaibhav Yadav
College of Engineering and Program of Applied Mathematical and Computational Sciences, The University of Iowa


This paper examines two stochastic methods stemming from polynomial dimensional decomposition (PDD) and polynomial chaos expansion (PCE) for solving random eigenvalue problems commonly encountered in dynamics of mechanical systems. Although the infinite series from PCE and PDD are equivalent, their truncations endow contrasting dimensional structures, creating significant differences between the resulting PDD and PCE approximations in terms of accuracy, efficiency, and convergence properties. When the cooperative effects of input variables on an eigenvalue attenuate rapidly or vanish altogether, the PDD approximation commits a smaller error than does the PCE approximation for identical expansion orders. Numerical analyses of mathematical functions or simple dynamic systems reveal markedly higher convergence rates of the PDD approximation than the PCE approximation. From the comparison of computational efforts, required to estimate with the same precision the frequency distributions of dynamic systems, including a piezoelectric transducer, the PDD approximation is significantly more efficient than the PCE approximation.