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International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification
IF: 0.967 5-Year IF: 1.301 SJR: 0.531 SNIP: 0.8 CiteScore™: 1.52

ISSN Print: 2152-5080
ISSN Online: 2152-5099

Open Access

International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification

DOI: 10.1615/Int.J.UncertaintyQuantification.2019025828
pages 59-83

MODEL STRUCTURAL INFERENCE USING LOCAL DYNAMIC OPERATORS

Anthony M. DeGennaro
Computational Science Initiative, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973
Nathan M. Urban
Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, 87544
Balasubramanya T. Nadiga
Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, 87544
Terry Haut
Computational Physics Group, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, CA, 94550

ABSTRACT

This paper focuses on the problem of quantifying the effects of model-structure uncertainty in the context of time-evolving dynamical systems. This is motivated by multi-model uncertainty in computer physics simulations: developers often make different modeling choices in numerical approximations and process simplifications, leading to different numerical codes that ostensibly represent the same underlying dynamics. We consider model-structure inference as a two-step methodology: the first step is to perform system identification on numerical codes for which it is possible to observe the full state; the second step is structural uncertainty quantification, in which the goal is to search candidate models "close" to the numerical code surrogates for those that best match a quantity of interest (QOI) from some empirical data sets. Specifically, we (1) define a discrete, local representation of the structure of a partial differential equation, which we refer to as the "local dynamical operator" (LDO); (2) identify model structure nonintrusively from numerical code output; (3) nonintrusively construct a reduced-order model (ROM) of the numerical model through POD-DEIM-Galerkin projection; (4) perturb the ROM dynamics to approximate the behavior of alternate model structures; and (5) apply Bayesian inference and energy conservation laws to calibrate a LDO to a given QOI. We demonstrate these techniques using the two-dimensional rotating shallow water equations as an example system.


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